P R E F A C E
This revised Bronze Standard Manual will appear very different from the two previous manuals, and I would like to enlighten the
readers as to the reasons for adopting a new format . When I was asked to take on the job of codifying the Bronze Syllabus, to
bring it into line with the technical demands of today' s training standards, I had no idea of the extent of work which would be
required. Reviewing other current dance manuals , I soon realized that a complete manual with all the required descriptions listed ,
e . g. footwork, arm position , rise and fall, etc ., would have to be a very lengthy volume . A major task, therefore, would be to
find a way to list all the information in a clear layout, and still keep the number of pages to a minimum. The answer had to be
The new format, therefore, is essentially designed to give the reader all the information required on each step, by simply looking
down the columns . This is something new in dance manual layouts There is no longer any need to search elsewhere on the page to
find additional information about any particular step . The use of abbreviations makes it possible to give maximum information,
seldom contained before in an American Style manual . Once learned, the abbreviations become very easy to read, enabling the
teacher or student to prepare for any part or parts of the official Bronze Standard examination.
My sincere thanks to the members of the N . C . D . T . O . Syllabus Committee for their helpful suggestions and advice, and my
gratitude to the Board of Governors for their patience in extending enough time to enable me to do the kind of job I hope, the N .
C . D . T . O . can be proud of. I am also indebted to my husband, Joseph Geiger, for his extensive help with layout and
production, and to Jacqueline Rhode for typing the final draft.
The Syllabus Committee shares with all member organizations on the N.C.D.T.O. the hope that this Manual will indeed serve to raise the standard of dancing for both teachers and students.
On behalf of the National Council of Dance Teacher Organizations, it gives me great pleasure to
express my deep appreciation to Mrs. Rickey ThornhillGeiger for her work in revising this Bronze Standard
Syllabus Manual. The two previous N . C . D . T . O . manuals for the Bronze Standard Syllabus have both served the purpose for
which they were intended, and each has been a valuable vehicle to bring the recommended Syllabus to our teachers and students.
This new Manual responds to the need fox a more detailed breakdown of the Syllabus . In its role as the of ficial N.C . D . T . O .
Manual, it will serve teachers to train for the qualifying examination, guide students for their Bronze level medal tests, and give all
Pro/Am competitors the step requirements for N . C . D . T . O . recognized competitions and championships .
The N.C.D.T.O. is fortunate to have in Rickey ThornhillGeiger (the former Rickey Cunningham) a leading expert in syllabus
technique who, through this detailed Manual, brings to all dance enthusiasts her extensive knowledge and experience in ballroom
dancing. Needless to say, the preparation of this volume entailed countless hours of analysis , codification, drafting, typing and
verification on her part. Credit is also due to the other members of the N.C.D.T.O. Syllabus Committee who gave valuable advice
and assistance over the past two years.
I am convinced that this Bronze Standard Syllabus Manual will prove to be an invaluable and
indispensable source of information for all its users .
Vincent Bulger, Ballroom Director N.C.D.T.O.
N . C . D. T . O Syllabus Committee:
Rickey ThornhillGeiger Chairperson